A Step-by-Step Guide to Install Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04

  • By: Timothy Jackson
  • Time to read: 17 min.
Timothy Jackson
The creative mind behind the insights shared on wp-and-react.com, is a seasoned developer and tech enthusiast with a passion for exploring the possibilities at the intersection of React, Node.js, and WordPress. With a wealth of experience in web development, Timothy is on a mission to demystify complex coding concepts and empower developers of all levels. His in-depth tutorials, expert tips, and insightful articles serve as a compass for those navigating the ever-evolving landscape of web technologies.

Installing Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04 is a straightforward process that allows developers to harness the power of JavaScript for server-side development. In this article, we will explore the step-by-step instructions to install Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04, ensuring you have the necessary tools to kickstart your Node.js projects. Let’s dive in and get started!

Introduction to Node.js

Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform JavaScript runtime environment that allows developers to build scalable and high-performance network applications. The introduction to Node.js provides a comprehensive overview of its features and benefits, making it an essential technology for modern web development.

With Node.js, developers can leverage the power of JavaScript on both the server-side and client-side, creating a seamless and efficient development experience. This versatile platform offers a rich ecosystem of modules and libraries, enabling developers to quickly prototype and deploy applications. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced developer, diving into the world of Node.js opens up a new realm of possibilities for building fast, scalable, and data-intensive applications. So, if you’re ready to embark on a journey into the world of Node.js, let’s get started!

VERSION NUMBERRELEASE DATEKEY FEATURESNOTES
14.17.32021-07-06Stable LTS versionRecommended for most users
12.22.62021-07-06Maintenance LTS versionRecommended for enterprise environments
10.24.12021-07-06Maintenance LTS versionRecommended for specific use cases
8.17.02020-04-28Maintenance LTS versionRecommended for legacy applications
6.17.12019-12-17Maintenance LTS versionRecommended for very specific use cases
4.9.12018-12-31Maintenance LTS versionRecommended for very specific use cases
0.12.182020-04-28Maintenance LTS versionNot recommended for new projects
0.10.482016-10-18Maintenance LTS versionNot recommended for new projects
15.14.02021-07-06Current releaseUnstable, use with caution
16.4.12021-07-06Current releaseUnstable, use with caution
17.0.02021-10-19Current releaseUnstable, use with caution
18.0.0TBDUpcoming releaseNot yet stable
19.0.0TBDUpcoming releaseNot yet stable
20.0.0TBDUpcoming releaseNot yet stable
21.0.0TBDUpcoming releaseNot yet stable

Overview of Ubuntu 22.04

Ubuntu 22.04, codenamed ‘Jammy Jellyfish’, is the latest long-term support (LTS) release of the Ubuntu operating system. With its robust features and enhanced performance, Ubuntu 22.04 offers an unparalleled experience for both beginners and advanced users alike.

One of the standout features of Ubuntu 22.04 is its revamped user interface. The Ubuntu team has put significant effort into creating a visually appealing and intuitive UI, making it easier than ever to navigate and interact with the system.

In terms of performance, Ubuntu 22.04 delivers impressive speed and responsiveness. Whether you’re running resource-intensive applications or multitasking with multiple programs, Ubuntu 22.04 ensures smooth and lag-free performance, allowing you to focus on your tasks without any distractions.

Security has always been a top priority for Ubuntu, and Ubuntu 22.04 is no exception. With its robust security measures, including secure boot, app sandboxing, and regular security updates, Ubuntu 22.04 provides a reliable and secure computing environment, protecting your data and privacy.

Moreover, Ubuntu 22.04 comes pre-installed with a wide range of essential software applications, including the popular LibreOffice suite, the versatile Firefox web browser, and the powerful GIMP image editor. Additionally, the Ubuntu Software Center provides easy access to thousands of free and open-source software packages, allowing you to customize your Ubuntu experience according to your needs and preferences.

For developers, Ubuntu 22.04 offers excellent support for various programming languages and frameworks, making it an ideal platform for software development. The latest version of Ubuntu also includes the latest stable release of the Node.js runtime, empowering developers to build scalable and efficient web applications.

In conclusion, Ubuntu 22.04 is a feature-rich and reliable operating system that caters to a wide range of users. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced user, Ubuntu 22.04 provides a seamless and enjoyable computing experience, combining excellent performance, security, and versatility.

COLUMN 1COLUMN 2
Operating SystemUbuntu 22.04
Processor1 GHz dual-core
Memory2 GB RAM
Storage20 GB available space
Graphics1024×768 resolution, DirectX 9.0c compatible
NetworkInternet connection
Node.js Versionv14.17.0 or higher
Package Managernpm
Additional SoftwareNone
System Architecture64-bit
Dependenciesgcc, g++, make
Operating System UpdatesUp to date
Command Line InterfaceTerminal
User PermissionsAdministrator access
Installation TimeApproximately 10 minutes
Installation MethodPackage manager (apt)

Prerequisites for Installing Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04

Here is content ‘Prerequisites for Installing Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04

Before you can install Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04, make sure you have the following prerequisites in place:

  1. Ubuntu 22.04 LTS: Ensure that you have a compatible version of Ubuntu 22.04 LTS installed on your machine. Node.js is fully compatible with this version.
  2. Terminal Access: You will need access to a terminal window to execute the necessary commands for installation.
  3. Internet Connection: Make sure you have a stable internet connection to download the required packages and dependencies.
  4. Sudo Privileges: Ensure that you have sudo privileges on your Ubuntu system. This will allow you to install packages and make system-level changes.
  5. Updated System: Before installing Node.js, it is recommended to update your system packages to their latest versions. Use the following commands to update:
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt upgrade

Once you have these prerequisites in place, you are ready to proceed with the installation of Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04. Follow the installation guide to install Node.js and start building amazing applications with ease!

Installing Node.js using the NodeSource Repository

Installing Node.js using the NodeSource Repository is a straightforward process that can greatly enhance your development environment. By following these steps, you’ll be able to quickly and efficiently install Node.js on your Ubuntu 22.04 system.

Step 1: Update Package Lists

Before we begin, let’s make sure our system is up to date. Open a terminal and run the following command:

sudo apt update

This will update the package lists on your Ubuntu system, ensuring that you have the latest versions of all the software.

Step 2: Install the Required Dependencies

Next, we need to install some dependencies that are necessary for the Node.js installation process. Run the following command in your terminal:

sudo apt install curl dirmngr apt-transport-https lsb-release ca-certificates

This command will install the required packages for the NodeSource repository to work.

Step 3: Add the NodeSource Repository

To install Node.js using the NodeSource repository, we need to add it to our system’s software sources. Run the following command in your terminal:

curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_14.x | sudo -E bash -

This command will add the NodeSource repository and its signing key to your system.

Step 4: Install Node.js

Now that the repository is added, we can proceed with the Node.js installation. Run the following command:

sudo apt install nodejs

This command will install both Node.js and npm, the package manager for Node.js.

Step 5: Verify the Installation

To verify that Node.js and npm are successfully installed, run the following commands:

node -v

npm -v

These commands will display the installed versions of Node.js and npm, respectively.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Node.js using the NodeSource repository on your Ubuntu 22.04 system. You’re now ready to start building powerful applications with Node.js!

Installing Node.js using NVM (Node Version Manager)

Installing Node.js using NVM (Node Version Manager) is a straightforward process that allows you to quickly set up and manage multiple Node.js versions on your Ubuntu 22.04 system. NVM is a popular tool among developers as it provides flexibility and ease of use when it comes to Node.js version control.

To begin the installation, follow these steps:

  1. Open the terminal on your Ubuntu 22.04 system.
  2. Update your system’s package list by running the command:
    sudo apt update
  3. Install the required packages for NVM using the following command:
    sudo apt install curl
  4. Once the installation is complete, you can install NVM by running the following curl command:
    curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.39.0/install.sh | bash
  5. After the installation, close and reopen the terminal to start using NVM.

Now that NVM is installed, you can proceed with installing Node.js using the following steps:

  1. Open a new terminal window.
  2. Check the available Node.js versions by running the command:
    nvm ls-remote
    This will display a list of available Node.js versions.
  3. Choose the desired Node.js version that you want to install by using the command:
    nvm install <version>
    Replace <version> with the specific version you want to install.
  4. Once the installation is complete, you can verify if Node.js was installed successfully by running:
    node -v
    This command will display the installed Node.js version.

By following these steps, you can easily install Node.js using NVM on your Ubuntu 22.04 system. NVM provides a convenient way to switch between different Node.js versions and ensures seamless development environment setups.

Verifying the Node.js Installation

Verifying the Node.js Installation

After successfully installing Node.js on your Ubuntu 22.04 system, it is crucial to verify the installation to ensure that everything is properly set up. The verification process allows you to confirm that Node.js is installed correctly and that it is functioning as expected. In this article, we will guide you through the steps to verify your Node.js installation.

  1. Open a terminal window: To begin the verification process, open a terminal window on your Ubuntu 22.04 system. You can do this by clicking on the terminal icon in the system’s application menu or by using the shortcut key Ctrl+Alt+T.
  2. Check the Node.js version: In the terminal window, type the following command and press Enter:node -v

    This command will display the installed version of Node.js. If Node.js is correctly installed, you should see the version number printed on the screen.

  3. Verify the Node.js package manager (npm): npm is the default package manager for Node.js. To check if npm is installed, type the following command in the terminal:npm -v

    If npm is installed, the version number will be displayed.

  4. Run a test script: To further verify the functionality of Node.js, you can run a simple test script. Create a new file using a text editor and save it with a .js extension (e.g., test.js). Inside the file, add the following code:console.log('Node.js is working!');

    Save the file and go back to the terminal. Navigate to the directory where you saved the test.js file and run the following command:

    node test.js

    If Node.js is functioning correctly, you should see the message ‘Node.js is working!‘ displayed in the terminal.

By following these steps, you can easily verify the installation of Node.js on your Ubuntu 22.04 system. This ensures that you have a working Node.js environment for developing and running applications.

Working with npm (Node Package Manager)

Working with npm (Node Package Manager) is an essential skill for any developer working with Node.js. npm is the default package manager for Node.js and comes installed with it. It allows you to easily manage and install various libraries, frameworks, and tools that can greatly enhance your development process.

To get started with npm, you first need to have Node.js installed on your system. Once Node.js is installed, you can access npm by opening your terminal and typing ‘npm‘. This will display the available commands and options that you can use.

One of the most common tasks when working with npm is installing packages. To install a package, you can use the ‘npm install‘ command followed by the name of the package. npm will then download and install the package along with its dependencies.

npm also provides a package.json file that allows you to define the dependencies for your project. This file can be created manually or generated using the ‘npm init‘ command. By listing the dependencies in the package.json file, you can easily manage and share your project’s dependencies with other developers.

In addition to installing packages, npm also provides other useful features. It allows you to update packages to their latest versions using the ‘npm update‘ command. You can also uninstall packages using the ‘npm uninstall‘ command.

Furthermore, npm provides a powerful search functionality that allows you to find packages based on keywords or specific criteria. You can use the ‘npm search‘ command followed by the keywords or criteria to find relevant packages.

Working with npm can greatly simplify the process of managing dependencies and enhancing your Node.js projects. By leveraging the vast ecosystem of packages available through npm, you can save time and effort in developing and maintaining your applications.

In conclusion, npm is an essential tool for any Node.js developer. It allows you to easily install, manage, and share packages, making your development process more efficient. By familiarizing yourself with npm and its features, you can take full advantage of the Node.js ecosystem and maximize your productivity.

Managing Node.js Versions on Ubuntu 22.04

Managing Node.js versions on Ubuntu 22.04 can be a perplexing task for developers. However, with the right steps, you can easily handle multiple Node.js versions and switch between them effortlessly. In this article, we will explore how to manage Node.js versions on Ubuntu 22.04 and ensure a smooth development environment.

To begin, it is important to have a clear understanding of the different tools available for managing Node.js versions. One popular tool is NVM (Node Version Manager), which allows you to easily install, switch, and manage multiple Node.js versions on your Ubuntu 22.04 system.

Installing NVM is the first step towards managing Node.js versions. You can do this by following these simple steps:

  1. Open your terminal and update the package lists using the command: sudo apt update
  2. Install NVM using the following command: curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.39.0/install.sh | bash

Once NVM is installed, you can use it to install and switch between different Node.js versions. For example, to install the latest LTS version of Node.js, you can run the command: nvm install –lts

To switch to a specific installed version, you can use the command: nvm use <version>

Managing Node.js versions also involves removing unwanted versions. With NVM, you can easily uninstall a particular version by running: nvm uninstall <version>

Additionally, NVM allows you to set a default Node.js version for your system. This can be done using the command: nvm alias default <version>

By following these steps, you can effectively manage Node.js versions on Ubuntu 22.04 and ensure compatibility with your projects. It is recommended to regularly update and switch between versions to take advantage of the latest features and improvements.

In conclusion, managing Node.js versions on Ubuntu 22.04 may initially seem perplexing, but with the right tools and steps, it becomes a straightforward process. NVM provides a reliable solution for installing, switching, and managing multiple Node.js versions on your Ubuntu system. By following the instructions outlined in this article, you can effortlessly handle Node.js versions and create a stable development environment.

COMMANDDESCRIPTION
nvm install <version>Installs the specified version of Node.js
nvm use <version>Sets the specified version of Node.js as the current version
nvm lsLists all installed versions of Node.js
nvm ls-remoteLists all available versions of Node.js
nvm default <version>Sets the specified version of Node.js as the default version
nvm currentDisplays the currently active version of Node.js
nvm alias <name> <version>Creates an alias for a specific version of Node.js
nvm unalias <name>Removes a previously created alias
nvm reinstall-packages <version>Reinstalls global packages in the specified version of Node.js
nvm exec <version> <command>Executes a command using the specified version of Node.js
nvm which <version>Displays the path to the executable of the specified version of Node.js
nvm run <version> <script>Runs a script using the specified version of Node.js
nvm uninstall <version>Uninstalls the specified version of Node.js
nvm helpDisplays the usage information for nvm
nvm –versionDisplays the version of nvm

Troubleshooting Installation Issues

Troubleshooting Installation Issues:

When it comes to installing software, it’s not uncommon to encounter some challenges along the way. This is especially true for complex platforms like Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04. However, with a bit of perseverance and the right troubleshooting techniques, you can overcome these installation issues and get your Node.js up and running smoothly.

Here are some common problems you might face during the installation process and how to troubleshoot them:

  1. Dependency Errors: One of the most common issues is encountering dependency errors while installing Node.js. This usually happens when certain libraries or packages required by Node.js are missing or outdated. To troubleshoot this issue, you can try updating your system’s package manager and installing any missing dependencies.
  2. Permission Denied: Another frequent problem is getting permission denied errors during the installation. This occurs when you don’t have the necessary privileges to install software on your system. To resolve this, you can try running the installation command with sudo or as an administrator.
  3. Network Connectivity: If you’re experiencing slow or interrupted downloads during the installation, it could be due to network connectivity issues. Check your internet connection, firewall settings, and try downloading from a different mirror or source.
  4. Incorrect Installation Steps: Sometimes, installation issues occur simply because the steps followed were incorrect or incomplete. Make sure you carefully follow the installation instructions provided by the official documentation or trusted sources.
  5. Conflicting Software: Conflicts with other software installed on your system can also cause installation problems. Check for any conflicting programs or versions that may interfere with the Node.js installation. You may need to uninstall or update these conflicting software.

Remember, troubleshooting installation issues requires patience, attention to detail, and a willingness to explore different solutions. Don’t get discouraged if you encounter problems along the way. With the right approach, you’ll be able to successfully install Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04 and start reaping its benefits.

ISSUECAUSESOLUTION
Node.js installation does not completeIncomplete or interrupted installation processTry reinstalling Node.js, making sure to follow all the installation steps correctly
Node.js command not recognizedPath to Node.js executable not properly setUpdate the PATH environment variable to include the directory where Node.js is installed
Error: EACCES permission deniedInsufficient permissions to install global packagesUse a package manager like npm or nvm to install Node.js without requiring superuser privileges
Error: ENOENT: no such file or directoryMissing or incorrect file/directory pathDouble-check the file or directory path referenced in the error and ensure it exists
Node.js version conflicts with installed packagesIncompatibility between Node.js version and package dependenciesConsider using a version manager like nvm to manage multiple Node.js versions or update package dependencies
Error: Cannot find moduleMissing or corrupted moduleReinstall the missing module using npm
Node.js process keeps terminating unexpectedlyMemory or resource constraintsAllocate more memory or investigate potential resource leaks in the Node.js application
Error: Port already in useAnother process is using the specified portTerminate the conflicting process or change the Node.js application’s port
Error: npm command not foundNpm not installed or not included in PATHInstall npm separately or reinstall Node.js to include npm in the installation
Unable to connect to external packages registryInternet connectivity issues or firewall restrictionsCheck your internet connection and firewall settings, or use a different registry mirror
Node.js throwing syntax errorsIncorrect syntax in the Node.js codeReview the code for syntax errors and correct them accordingly
Error: Module not foundRequired module is missing or incorrectly specifiedEnsure the required module is installed and correctly referenced in the code
Error: Command failed with exit codeCommand execution errorCheck the error message for more details and troubleshoot accordingly
Node.js application crashes on startupCritical error in the application codeDebug the application code to identify and fix the issue causing the crash
Error: Unhandled promise rejectionUncaught promise rejection in the applicationHandle the promise rejection with appropriate error handling logic

Conclusion

In conclusion, the topic at hand has been thoroughly explored, leaving us with a myriad of intriguing insights and perspectives. Throughout this article, we have delved into the intricacies of the subject matter, uncovering hidden complexities and shedding light on various aspects that were previously shrouded in mystery. The journey has been nothing short of exhilarating, as we navigated through a labyrinth of information, encountering unexpected twists and turns along the way. This expedition into the depths of the topic has sparked a sense of curiosity and wonder, as we have uncovered new knowledge and challenged existing beliefs. The conclusion reached is that the subject matter remains vast, with endless possibilities for further exploration and discovery. As we bid farewell to this article, we are left with a sense of perplexity and a thirst for more knowledge, eager to embark on new adventures in the pursuit of understanding.

VERSION NUMBERRELEASE DATEKEY FEATURESNOTES
14.17.32021-07-06Stable LTS versionRecommended for most users
12.22.62021-07-06Maintenance LTS versionRecommended for enterprise environments
10.24.12021-07-06Maintenance LTS versionRecommended for specific use cases
8.17.02020-04-28Maintenance LTS versionRecommended for legacy applications
6.17.12019-12-17Maintenance LTS versionRecommended for very specific use cases
4.9.12018-12-31Maintenance LTS versionRecommended for very specific use cases
0.12.182020-04-28Maintenance LTS versionNot recommended for new projects
0.10.482016-10-18Maintenance LTS versionNot recommended for new projects
15.14.02021-07-06Current releaseUnstable, use with caution
16.4.12021-07-06Current releaseUnstable, use with caution
17.0.02021-10-19Current releaseUnstable, use with caution
18.0.0TBDUpcoming releaseNot yet stable
19.0.0TBDUpcoming releaseNot yet stable
20.0.0TBDUpcoming releaseNot yet stable
21.0.0TBDUpcoming releaseNot yet stable

What is Node.js?

Node.js is an open-source runtime environment for executing JavaScript code on the server-side.

Why would I want to install Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04?

Installing Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04 allows you to take advantage of the latest features and improvements in Node.js and enables you to develop and run JavaScript applications on your Ubuntu server.

How can I install Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04?

You can install Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04 by following these steps:

1. Update the package index: sudo apt update
2. Install Node.js using the package manager: sudo apt install nodejs
3. Verify the installation: node -v

After following these steps, you should have Node.js successfully installed on your Ubuntu 22.04 system.

What version of Node.js will be installed?

The version of Node.js installed from the Ubuntu repositories may not be the latest version. You can check the installed version by running the command: node -v. If you require a specific version, you may need to install it manually.

How can I install a specific version of Node.js?

To install a specific version of Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04, you can use a version manager, such as nvm (Node Version Manager) or n. These tools allow you to easily manage different versions of Node.js on your system. You can refer to the official documentation of nvm or n for detailed installation instructions.

Are there any other dependencies or requirements for installing Node.js?

No, installing Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04 does not have any additional dependencies or requirements.

Can I use npm (Node Package Manager) after installing Node.js?

Yes, npm is automatically installed along with Node.js. npm allows you to manage and install JavaScript libraries and packages for your Node.js projects. You can verify the installation of npm by running the command: npm -v.

In conclusion, installing Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04 is a straightforward process that can be completed in just a few simple steps. By following the instructions outlined in this article, you should now have Node.js up and running on your Ubuntu 22.04 system. Node.js provides a powerful platform for developing server-side applications and running JavaScript code outside of a web browser. With Node.js installed, you can take advantage of its vast ecosystem of libraries and frameworks to build scalable and efficient web applications. So go ahead, get started with Node.js on Ubuntu 22.04 and unlock a world of possibilities for your web development projects!